Climate Change: Biggest risk the future holds

Climate Change: Biggest risk the future holds
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Climate change is the biggest risk that the future holds. By 2100, sea level as estimated may rise by at least 8 inches resulting in flood, and a decrease in wetland habitat.


The shift in temperature and weather pattern is termed climate change. The natural phenomenon of climate change occurs through the variation in the solar cycle but for more than a century, human activities have become a prominent factor for climate change resulting in global warming.


Due to the construction works and mining activities, a huge volume of carbon dioxide and methane is released into the atmosphere. Clearing forests, dumping wastage in rivers and seas, unplanned housing and waste disposal, fuel and fossils extraction, etc. are increasing the greenhouse concentrations. In comparison to the late 1800s, the earth is 1.1 degrees Celsius warmer now. The heatwave in Canada in the recent month is one of the many examples of climate change effect.


ActionAid International, a global federation working in more than 40 countries for the eradication of injustice and poverty believes Climate change to be the greatest obstacle for achieving its mission. The Climate Crisis is destroying the lives and livelihood of millions of people worldwide. Minority groups suffer the most due to this. Limitations and scarcity of resources is the biggest reason for poverty and power play in the world, those in power exploit and the vulnerable ones are merely living a good life.


Nepal has been under the heavy influence of climate change. It has been experiencing drought in autumn and floods during the spring. This not only has resulted in a huge impact on agriculture but also has brought thousands of lives at stake. In 2019, during the first 10 months, there was a loss of 1.8 billion due to the climatic disaster.


Causes of Climate Change:

  1. Power plants
  2. Oil Drillings
  3. Ninety-three percent of U.S., carbon dioxide emission from electricity
  4. Increasing livestock farming
  5. Rapid deforestation and land clearance.
  6. Extraction of fossil fuels beyond the carrying capacity of the earth.
  7. Use of nitrogen-based fertilizers
  8. Unplanned waste management


Major Impact of climate change in Nepal:

  • Drought during the autumn season.
  • Soil erosion and heavy landslides throughout the country.
  • Huge forest fires break out simultaneously in various districts.
  • Heatwaves in various parts of the nation.
  • Changing precipitation pattern.
  • Loss of wild vegetation.
  • Reduced land productivity.
  • Increase in humidity.
  • Water and Air pollution
  • River acidification
  • Increased greenhouse gases in the air.


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Organizations working against climate change:

  1. Care Nepal:

Established in 1978, it is the first international Aid agency to work in Nepal. This organization works with the ministry of local development, Ministry of forest and soil conservation.


  1. Clean Energy Nepal:

It conducts various research-based public education and advocacy campaigns to promote sustainable energy use, discourage the use of fossil fuels, and design campaigns to change opinions and behaviors towards the exploitation of natural resources.



  1. Eco-Nepal:

It works in the field of climate change adaptation and disaster management. It is specialized in raising awareness through local radio, television, etc. to reach the grassroots level and solve the climate problem through a radical approach.


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Few other active organizations are:

  1. Community Development and Advocacy Forum Nepal (CDAF Nepal)
  2. Youth Acting for Change (YAC Nepal)
  3. National Disaster Risk Reduction Center (NDRRC)
  4. Practical Action South Asia.
  5. Center for Rural Technology Nepal (CRT Nepal)


If you look forward to statistical data related to climate change or want to address any issues in your locality that can hamper the climate, you can contact to Government of Nepal: Ministry of forest and Environment, Singh Durbar, Kathmandu. Their toll-free number is: 16600101000 and contact number is 01-4211868.Cost due to this. Limitations and scarcity of resources is the biggest reason for poverty and power play in the world, those in power


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